Ms Sen has been described by experts as a linguistic treasure

Gyani Maiya Sen, a 75-year-old woman from western Nepal, can perhaps be forgiven for feeling that the weight of the world rests on her shoulders.

She is the only person still alive in Nepal who fluently speaks the Kusunda language. The unknown origins and mysterious sentence structures of Kusunda have long baffled linguists.

As such, she has become a star attraction for campaigners eager to preserve her dying tongue.

Madhav Prasad Pokharel, a professor of linguistics at Nepal’s Tribhuwan University, has spent a decade researching the vanishing Kusunda tribe.

Professor Pokharel describes Kusunda as a “language isolate”, not related to any common language of the world.

“There are about 20 language families in the world,” he said, “among them are the Indo-European, Sino-Tibetan and Austro-Asiatic group of languages.

“Kusunda stands out because it is not phonologically, morphologically, syntactically and lexically related to any other languages of the world.

‘Very sad’ He warns that if the Kusunda language becomes extinct, “a unique and important part of our human heritage will be lost forever”

‘Very sad’

He warns that if the Kusunda language becomes extinct, “a unique and important part of our human heritage will be lost forever”.

Prof Pokharel with Gyani Maiya Sen The entire Kusunda tribe is on the verge of disappearing along with its last fluent speaker

Even if some of the lofty intellectual arguments for preserving the Kusunda language are lost on Ms Sen, she is acutely aware of how its demise affects her personally.

“Fortunately I can also speak Nepali, but I feel very sad for not being able to speak my own language with people from my own community,” she said.

“Although there are still other people from the Kusunda tribe still alive, they neither understand nor speak the language.

“Other Kusunda people… can only speak a few Kusunda words, but can’t communicate [fully] in the language.”

Source: BBC News Read more

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